Melasma, also referred to as chloasma, happens when irregular patches of dark skin appear on the face. These tan or brownish spots generally occur evenly on the forehead, nose, cheeks, or upper lip. The appearance of melasma distinguishes it from other conditions that cause dark patches on the skin. Melasma is a common, frustrating condition found more often in women. It may be due to sun damage or from hormonal changes, such as with menopause and pregnancy. People who have darker skin types are more likely to experience melasma than those with lighter complexions. Board-certified dermatologist Dr. Rachel Day treats melasma regularly at OneSkin Dermatology in Chambersburg, PA where we offer a number of remedies that may minimize the appearance of this condition.
"I was so nervous and self conscious about going to the dermatologist for the first time and both Dr. Day and her staff were amazing! Dr. Day was super kind and easy going and professional which made the visit a wonderful experience. I love how thorough she is and how she takes time to explain information to you to make sure you understand. Highly recommend her for your dermatologic needs!"- H.R. / Google / Jun 26, 2020
"Every staff member I've encountered has been nothing short of wonderful and caring. I was dealing with untreated rosacea for years, there were times after washing my face that I would feel utterly demoralized by my complexion. I was shocked when within days of starting treatment I could see the redness in my face dying down. For years I had avoided looking at my face with my glasses until I had applied makeup...but now I was waking up in the morning, grabbing my glasses and rushing off to the mirror to see my face. Thanks OneSkin for helping me to get my complexion back!"- T.B. / Google / Jan 13, 2021
"Great staff and friendly service. The facility is modern and welcoming. Overall great experience."- T.M. / Google / Jan 05, 2021
"My experience at OneSkin Dermatology was amazing. The entire visit was phenomenal. I highly recommend the office for any of your skin needs."- B.G. / Google / Jan 01, 2021
"Dr. Day is articulate, thorough, a caring listener, and is good at following up. I would highly recommend One Skin Dermatology. Her office and nursing staff are also top notch!"- C.S. / Google / Jan 01, 2021
The specific source of melasma remains unknown. Specialists think that the dark patches in melasma might be caused by numerous factors, including hormone fluctuations, family history of melasma, race, anti-seizure drugs, along with other medications that make the skin more susceptible to discoloration following exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. Uncontrolled sunlight exposure is recognized as the main cause of melasma, especially in individuals with a hereditary predisposition to the condition. Studies have revealed that people generally develop melasma in the summer months when sunlight is the most intense. In the winter, the hyperpigmentation is typically less visible or milder.
Melasma is recognized by the discoloration or hyperpigmentation primarily in the facial areas. Three forms of ordinary facial patterns have been recognized in those with melasma:
- Centrofacial – (center of the face) hyperpigmentation among the upper lip, nose, chin, forehead, and cheeks
- Malar – (cheekbones) melasma patterns about the top of the cheeks
- Mandibular – (jawbone) hyperpigmentation parallel with the jawline
The most important component in treating melasma is to remove exposure to a patient's melasma triggers. Dr. Day offers patients a complete assessment and educates them on modifiable factors such as sun protection, hormone regulation or other medications that may be contributing. OneSkin Dermatology offers customized compounded topical preparations to address melasma in addition to dermatology procedures, such as the microneedling, chemical peels, microdermabrasion, or fractional lasers.
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Melasma is a chronic, difficult to treat pigmentation problem. We invite you to call OneSkin Dermatology to schedule your expert consultation today. Dr. Day will create your personal skin care plan to improve and manage your melasma to achieve the results you want.