Eczema is a term for a series of skin conditions that cause itchy, flaky, uncomfortable skin. These conditions can be brought on by several allergic reactions or occasionally by the human body's reaction to a weak immune system. Eczema can result in redness of your skin, discoloration, and itchy spots, which can look very similar to dermatitis. Board-certified dermatologist Dr. Rachel Day can determine whether your symptoms are due to eczema or dermatitis during a comprehensive skin evaluation at OneSkin Dermatology. Eczema can appear anywhere on your body, such as the hands, neck, face, or other regions. Atopic dermatitis is the most prevalent form and is normally caused by an allergic response. This condition normally starts in youth. Working from her Chambersburg, PA office, Rachel Day, M.D. will try to diagnose just what is causing the condition in order to identify the best treatment plan.
Specialists are not entirely certain what triggers eczema, but it is thought to be brought on by a number of elements. Genetics, the environment, immune system issues, skin barrier defects, and irritants are among the most common causes. Genetics can play a significant role because specific genes may cause you to have very sensitive skin. If you have relatives who suffer from asthma or allergies, you may have a greater chance of developing skin conditions, like eczema.
This condition is frequently characterized by red, dry, or itchy skin in addition to persistent breakouts. In most cases, the skin will start to feel itchy before a rash shows up. Many patients develop patches of skin that are continuously itchy, dry, or cracked. These spots may appear anywhere but largely happen in the face, neck, chest, legs, or hands. With kids, spots can show up on the inner creases of their elbows and knees. When the itchy skin is scratched, dry spots and open sores can develop and scab over and may become infected. More serious symptoms can include pus-filled blisters or a yellow to brown crust growing over eczema spots. These symptoms can indicate a fungal infection.
Eczema may be addressed with a variety of prescribed or over-the-counter drugs and lotions. Hydrocortisone ointments and creams can be used in addition to antihistamines, like Benadryl, to help alleviate symptoms. Prescription drugs, like immunomodulators or steroid creams, can assist people who have moderate to severe eczema. An oral or corticosteroid might also be prescribed. In severe instances, ultraviolet light treatment or laser therapy might also be used on the affected regions. When other alternatives have failed, immunosuppressants could be prescribed in order to suppress a symptom-causing, overactive immune system.
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Whether you've dealt with eczema for a long time without treatment or have only just discovered an itchy rash and a change to your skin, Dr. Rachel Day can examine your skin and recommend a treatment option that's right for you. Implementing a multi-step treatment technique, including detection, prevention, and therapy, enables you to not just handle your condition but also see a substantial decline in symptoms. Find help for your eczema-related symptoms now at OneSkin Dermatology.